Giorgione


Giorgione
(Giorgio da Castelfranco; c. 1477-1510).
   Leading painter of the Venetian School. Little is known of Giorgione's career and only a handful of his works have been attributed to him firmly. He is thought to have studied with Giovanni Bellini and to have begun his solo career as a painter of small devotional representations of the Madonna and Child. This information comes from Giorgio Vasari who also related that Giorgione was influenced by Leonardo da Vinci, who had visited Venice in 1500, and that he was an accomplished singer and lute player, as well as a great lover and conversationalist.
   The few works known with certainty to have been executed by Giorgione reveal his ability to place figures in poetic landscapes and to grant an ethereal quality through his lush brushwork. In his Allendale Nativity (c. 1505; Washington, National Gallery), the landscape dominates the figures. Pockets of light illuminate the winding road taken by the shepherds who have come to adore the Christ Child, a feature that recalls Andrea Mantegna's Adoration of the Magi (c. 1464; Florence, Uffizi) painted for Ludovico Gonzaga for his private chapel. As in Mantegna's example, the Holy Family is shown at the mouth of a dark cave, a reference to the Holy Sepulcher where Christ will be buried after the Crucifixion. Giorgione's Enthroned Madonna with Sts. Liberalis and Francis, also known as the Castelfranco Altarpiece (c. 1500-1505; Castelfranco, Cathedral), is his only surviving altarpiece. It again shows the influence of Mantegna, as well as that of Giovanni Bellini, in that the Virgin and Child are elevated on a high throne, with a cloth of honor that pushes them forward and separates them from the background landscape. The work also demonstrates Giorgione's awareness of Pietro Perugino's art, particularly the serene quality of his scenes, his pyramidal compositions, and the elegant poses of the figures with their exaggerated sway.
   Giorgione's The Tempest (1500-1505; Venice, Galleria dell' Accademia) is one of his best-known works and also the most enigmatic. Art historians have offered interpretations that vary from mythological to allegorical to political. What is recognized unanimously is that this is the earliest known example of a sensuous nude figure in a landscape, a subject that would be favored by later Venetian masters. Giorgione's Fête Champetre (c. 1510; Louvre, Paris) and Sleeping Venus (c. 1510; Dresden, Gemäldegalerie) also present examples of the nude in the landscape. These two works are believed by some to have been completed or completely rendered by Titian, Giorgione's pupil. The Sleeping Venus is the first of many reclining female nudes and would inspire similar compositions not only by Titian but also Lucas Cranach the Elder, Diego Velázquez, Peter Paul Rubens, François Boucher, Francisco Goya, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Edouard Manet, and others.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • GIORGIONE — Dans la Venise des toutes premières années du Cinquecento, Giorgione occupe avec Giovanni Bellini une place de premier plan. La peinture de la Renaissance en est à son aube avec Bellini; sa maturité est préfigurée par Giorgione. Très connu durant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Giorgione — Autorretrato atribuido a Giorgione del museo Herzog Anton Ulrich de Brunswick (Alemania). Nombre de nacimiento Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giorgione — Autoportrait en David Nom de naissance Barbarelli Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giorgione — Giorgione, zeitgen. Darstellung Giorgione (* 1478 in Castelfranco Veneto; † vor dem 25. Oktober 1510 in Venedig; vollständiger Name Giorgio da Castelfranco, auch Zorzo da Castelfranco) war ein italienischer Maler der Renaissance Inhaltsverzeichni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giorgione — • Italian painter, b. at Castelfranco in or before 1477; d. in Venice in October or November, 1510 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Giorgione     Giorgione      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Giorgione —   [dʒor dʒoːne], eigentlich Giorgio (Zọrzo) da Castelfrạnco [ dʒordʒo ], italienischer Maler, * Castelfranco Veneto (bei Treviso) 1478, ✝ Venedig vor dem 25. 10. 1510. Angeregt u. a. von den Werken Giovanni Bellinis, V. Carpaccios und Leonardo… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Giorgione — (izg. đorđȏne) (o.1477 1510) DEFINICIJA talijanski slikar, unio visoku renesansu u venecijansko slikarstvo; među prvim slikarima pastoralnog žanra, prvi harmonično uklopio likove u pejzaž (Oluja, Tri filozofa) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Giorgione — [jō̂r jō̂′ne] II [ēl] (born Giorgio Barbarelli) 1478? 1510; Venetian painter …   English World dictionary

  • Giorgione — Infobox Artist bgcolour = name = Giorgione imagesize = caption = A purported self portrait of Giorgione, represented in the guise of David. birthname = Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco birthdate = c. 1477 location = Castelfranco Veneto, Italy… …   Wikipedia

  • Giorgione — /jawr joh nee/; It. /jawrdd jaw ne/, n. (Giorgione de Castelfranco, Giorgio Barbarelli) 1478? 1511, Italian painter. * * * or Giorgio da Castelfranco orig. Giorgio Barbarelli born с 1477, Castelfranco Veneto, Republic of Venice died 1510, Venice… …   Universalium


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